GOODMAN - OLIPHANT
Family History & Genealogy in Niagara County, NY

CENSUS & Public / Vital Records
of the United States, Canada & Scotland

United States / Federal Census:

For the first six censuses (1790–1840), enumerators recorded only the names of the heads of household and a general demographic accounting of the remaining members of the household. Beginning in 1850, all members of the household were named on the census. The first slave schedules were also completed in 1850, with the second (and last) in 1860. Censuses of the late 19th century also included agricultural and industrial schedules to gauge the productivity of the nation's economy. Mortality schedules (taken between 1850 and 1880) captured a snapshot of life spans and causes of death throughout the country.
The first nine censuses (1790–1870) were not managed by the Executive branch, but by the Judicial branch. The United States federal court districts assigned U.S. marshals, who hired assistant marshals to conduct the actual enumeration. The census enumerators were typically from the village or neighborhood and often knew the residents. Before enabling self-identification on the censuses, the US Census Bureau relied on local people to have some knowledge of residents. Racial classification was made by the census enumerator in these decades not by the individual. The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 2, 1890.
Most of the 1890 census was destroyed in 1921 during a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D.C.
The U.S. government will not release personally identifiable information about an individual to any other individual or agency until 72 years after it is collected for the decennial census. This "72-Year Rule" (92 Stat. 915; Public Law 95-416; October 5, 1978) restricts access to decennial census records to all but the individual named on the record or their legal heir.
After 72 years, the records are released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration. In accordance with the 72-Year Rule, the National Archives released the 1930 records in April 2002 and most recently, the 1940 records were released April 2, 2012.

 

New York State Census:

New York State took a census every ten years from 1825 to 1875. They also took a census in 1892; then every ten years from 1905 to 1925. Only the name of the head of household is listed from 1825 to 1845. Many of these early census records have been lost.
Beginning in 1855, the name of every person in the household is listed. The 1855 to 1875 census asked the person for the name of the county that person was born in, if they were born in New York State. That helps to narrow down the search for a birth place for New Yorkers. The 1865 census asked many questions about military service which are helpful in finding Civil War records.
It is unknown why a census wasn't taken in 1885. Some have incorrectly stated that New York took a census in 1892 because the 1890 Federal census was destroyed by fire. The truth is that the 1890 census wasn't destryed until the 1920s or 1930s. The census for 1892 is not as helpful as the previous census. It does not indicate where a family begins and contains no relationships so it is difficult to determine if people of another surname are part of the previous family. It only asks for a country of birth not a State nor NY County.
The census from 1905 to 1925 kept better track of addresses and family groups. They did not ask for a State of birth, only a country. The 1925 census did ask for the date and place of naturalization. Two copies of both the 1915 and 1925 census were made. One copy was sent back to the County and another set for the whole State is at the New York State Archives. It is not known which copy of the 1915 and 1925 census would be considered the original nor which was filmed by the LDS. There may be minor differences in transcription.
They are no New York State census after 1925 probably because the whole country was still in the Great Depression in 1935.

Census in Canada:

The Census in Canada is a census that takes place every five years. The census is conducted by Statistics Canada. The census provides demographic and statistical data that is used to plan public services including health care, education, and transportation, determine federal transfer payments, and determine the number of Members of Parliament for each province and territory.
The first national census of the country Canada was taken in 1871, as required by section 8 of the then-British North America Act (now the Constitution Act of 1867). The constitution required a census was to be taken in 1871 and every tenth year thereafter. Parliament implemented the requirements of the constitution through the Census Act of May 12, 1870. All inhabitants of Canada were included, including aboriginals. While this was the first national census of Canada, only four provinces existed at the time: Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. Other areas of what later became part of Canada continued to be enumerated in their own separate censuses. The results of the 1871 census, in both English and French were reported in a five volume set.
In 1881, the governing legislation was amended to require census takers to take an oath of secrecy. By this time, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, and British Columbia were part of Canada and included in the national census, as was the North-West Territories.
A special census was conducted in 1906 after Alberta and Saskatchewan were carved out of the North-West Territories and became provinces. These special censuses continued every 10 years until 1956, at which time all of Canada was included. Since that time, a census has been conducted in Canada every five years.
In 1912, the federal government transferred responsibility for conducting the census from the Ministry of Agriculture to the Ministry of Trade and Commerce. In 1918, the government established the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, which was renamed Statistics Canada in 1971 and continues to be responsible for the census. With Newfoundland's entry into Canada in 1949, that province has been included in the Canadian census since 1951.


 

 

(More Census records coming soon)

CENSUS RECORDS

(see chart at bottom for State & Province Abreviations)
YEAR   CENSUS LOCATION NAMES
         
1790 U.S.    
1800 U.S.    
1810 U.S.    
1820 U.S.    
1825   N.Y.    
1825   L.C. (QC), Canada    
1830 U.S.    
1831   L.C. (QC), Canada    
1835   N.Y.    
1840 U.S.    
1841 Scotland Scotland OLIPHANT
1842   L.C. (QC), Canada    
1845   N.Y.    
1850 U.S.    
1851 Canada C.W. (ON) OLIPHANT
1855   N.Y.    
1860 U.S.    
1861   NB, Canada    
1861   NS, Canada    
1861   ON, Canada ON OLIPHANT
1861   PE, Canada    
1861   QC, Canada    
1865   N.Y. NY OLIPHANT
1870 U.S.    
1871 Canada ON, QC OLIPHANT
1875   N.Y.    
1880 U.S.    
1881 Canada NS, ON, QC OLIPHANT
1890 U.S.    
1891 Canada BC, NS, ON, QC, NT OLIPHANT
1892   N.Y.    
1900 U.S.    
1905   N.Y.    
1910 U.S.    
1915   N.Y.   OLIPHANT
1916 Canada AB, MB, SK OLIPHANT
1920 U.S. NY OLIPHANT
1921 Canada ON OLIPHANT
1925   N.Y. NY OLIPHANT
1930 U.S.  
1935   N.Y.  
1940 U.S. NY GOODMAN
HEYWANG
OLIPHANT
1945   N.Y.  

OTHER PUBLIC / VITAL RECORDS
YEAR   RECORD LOCATION NAMES
1561-
-1910
  Scotland
Marriages
1561-1910
Scotland OLIPHANT
1564-
-1950
  Scotland
Births & Baptisms
1564-1950
Scotland OLIPHANT
1640-
-1962
  New York
Births & Christenings
1640-1962
NY HEYWANG
OLIPHANT
1660-
-1980
  New Jersey
Births & Christenings
1660-1980
NJ OLIPHANT
1678-
-1985
  New Jersey
Marriages
1678-1985
NJ OLIPHANT
1682-
-1956
  New Jersey
Marriages
1682-1956
NJ OLIPHANT
1686-
-1980
  New York
Marriages
1686-1980
NY HEYWANG
OLIPHANT
1709-
-1940
  Pennsylvania
Marriages
1709-1940
PA OLIPHANT
1709-
-1950
  Pennsylvania
Births & Christenings
1709-1950
PA OLIPHANT
1720-
-1988
  New Jersey
Deaths & Burials
1720-1988
NJ OLIPHANT
1779-
-1899
  Ontario
Births & Baptisms
1779-1899
ON OLIPHANT
1795-
-1952
  New York
Deaths & Burials
1795-1952
NY HEYWANG
OLIPHANT
1800-
-1910
  Ontario
Marriages
1800-1910
ON OLIPHANT
1803-
-1915
  Pennsylvania
Philadelphia City
Death Certificates
1803-1915
PA OLIPHANT
1824-
-1941
  New York
Southern District Index
to Petitions for
Naturalization
NY HEYWANG
OLIPHANT
1869--1912   Ontario
Births: 1869-1912
ON OLIPHANT
1869-
-1927
  Ontario
Marriages
1869-1927
ON OLIPHANT
1869-
-1937
&
1939-
1947
  Ontario Deaths
1869-1937
&
Overseas Deaths
1939-1947
ON OLIPHANT
1826-
-1935
  Ontario
Toronto Trust
Cemeteries
1826-1935
ON OLIPHANT































































































































































ABBREVIATIONS FOR U.S. STATES & CANADIAN PROVINCES & TERRITORIES
United States of America     Canada
   
  State   State   Province
           
AL Alabama NV Nevada AB Alberta
AK Alaska NH New Hampshire BC British Columbia
AZ Arizona NJ New Jersey MB Manitoba
AR Arkansas NM New Mexico NB New Brunswick
CA California NY New York NL Newfoundland / Labrador
CO Colorado NC North Carolina NT Northwest Territory
CT Connecticut ND North Dakota NS Nova Scotia
DE Delaware OH Ohio NU Nunavut Territory
DC District of Columbia OK Oklahoma ON Ontario
FL Florida OR Oregon PE Prince Edward Island
GA Georgia PA Pennsylvania QC Quebec
HI Hawaii RI Rhode Island SK Saskatchewan
ID Idaho SC South Carolina YT Yukon Territory
IL Illinois SD South Dakota   Historical Names
IN Indiana TN Tennessee C.W. Canada West  ( now ON )
IA Iowa TX Texas U.P. Upper Canada ( now ON )
KS Kansas UT Utah C.E. Canada East   ( now QC )
KY Kentucky VT Vermont L.C. Lower Canada ( now QC )
LA Louisiana VA Virginia    
ME Maine WA Washington    
MD Maryland WV West Virginia    
MA Massachusetts WI Wisconsin    
MI Michigan WY Wyoming    
MN Minnesota AS American Samoa    
MS Mississippi GU Guam    
MO Missouri MP N. Mariana Islands    
MT Montana PR Puerto Rico    
NE Nebraska VI Virgin Islands